Egyptian Cats were held in highest esteem in ancient Egypt. The cat goddess Bastet was a deity that ruled fertility and motherhood. Bastet was seen as a protector of her devotees. Bast, an earlier version of Bastet, was a warrior-like goddess of war. All Cats were accorded great respect by the ancient Egyptians. The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that the death of a Cat would cause a household to go into mourning. Cats were mummified and buried with respect and honor. A Roman historian wrote of an incident in Egypt when an Egyptian mob killed a Roman for killing a Cat.